One Eye Disease That Can Sneak Up On You As You Age

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Most eye diseases give you some warning that your vision is being affected. Glaucoma is a disease that can cause blindness with little warning. Early detection and treatment can prevent this disease from stealing your vision. Here is what you need to know about this silent eye disease and how to keep your eyesight.   

High Pressure in the Eye Causes the Problems

Your eyeball is filled with a gel-like fluid, called vitreous humor. The fluid maintains the shape of the eye. As new fluid is produced, old fluid is expelled from the eye through tiny openings in the side of the eye.

Glaucoma disrupts the process by increasing fluid production and restricting the drainage of fluid from the eye. This causes the pressure to build up in the eyeball. The pressure damages sensitive tissues in the eye. When the pressure becomes severe, the optic nerve can be damaged, causing partial or total blindness.

Few Symptoms Make This a Dangerous Eye Disease

The progression of glaucoma can occur with few symptoms. Even when symptoms appear, they can be ignored or thought to be caused by other problems. If you do you have symptoms, you might experience:

Diagnosing Glaucoma

Regular glaucoma checkups by your eye doctor are the way to stay ahead of this eye disease. During the exam, your doctor will look for:

Treatment Options

Glaucoma can't be cured, but once detected, treatment can be done (with the help of professionals such as those from Leader Heights Eye Center) to reduce the pressure in your eye and prevent damage to the optic nerve. Common glaucoma treatments include: